1. logical constraint
2. intentional content
3. communicative means
4. physical constraint
provable as 'admitting of proof', i.e., proof is possible vs. provable as 'one can (actually) construct a proof for it' vs provable as 'is proven'
1. from a constraint
2. of a subject in a context
3. under an authority
4. over something subordinate
5. to options
6. for an end
the analogies of Christian liturgy and Christian moral life (the reflection of the sacraments in Christian morality)
Some words of art are precisifying and others are summarizing; they work very differently.
An image is apt to be a sign, but is not necessarily a sign.
The material disposition of philosophy is not separable from actual human life. This material disposition has potentially that which is actually unified in an ordered totality in the ideal disposition of philosophy. The material disposition of philosophy, however, receives these things with difficulty because it relies on the senses as a crutch, and therefore expresses these things not as an ordered system but as a diffuse meander. To the extent that this meander is ordered, it involves receiving by means of gradation, one thing through another and for the sake of another. In receiving that which the ideal disposition unifies, the material disposition is completed or perfected by conceptualization, or discovery, and formation of positions. In doing this there is a sort of unity between the material disposition and the ideal disposition, but it is impossible for them ever to be the same: there is always knowledge eluding philosophy as practiced, and the manner in which the material disposition is completed guarantees that it cannot integrates what it receives in the way it is unified in the ideal disposition.
Models are analogies, not definitions.
'Converting to a religion' is primarily a matter of social reasoning. When it is based in philosophical argument, it is in fact a matter of the natural social path given that argument and other context.
relics as an expression of the communion of saints (cp. the Martyrdom of Polycarp)
2 Kg 13:21, Acts 19;12, and relics
analysis of 'intuitions' by productive cause (power), objective cause (that to which the power tends), formal cause (actual kind of exercise), instrumental cause (means by which object is presented to power)
- this allows one to consider possible defective causation in each case
Our sense of objectivity is a feeling of dependence, of wishing, and not being able to accomplish our wish, or at least the hypothetical of this (if I wished otherwise, I could not accomplish it).
2 Tim 1:18 and prayer for the dead (note that Onesiphorus is not greeted either at the beginning or the end of the letter, only his household; all description of Onesphorus is in the past tense -- Also note that what Paul does say about him is pretty typical of what one might say about the dead -- praying for his household and recalling the good he has done)
Voting is a form of petition.
swiftness, acuity, and sensitivity of understanding
Skill, as such, does not reflect.
sets as inquiry-results
To say that there is a set is to say that a particular collecting is logically possible.
present tense as a kind of overlap
squares of opposition
inside, inside not, not inside not, not inside
outside, outside not, not outside not, not outside
into, into not, not into not, not into
out of, out of not, not out of not, not out of
intrinsic, intrinsic not, not intrinsic not, not intrinsic
extrinsic, extrinsic not, not extrinsic not, not extrinsic
"No one functions so independently of another that even the lowliest part does not have some relation to the Head to which it is connected." Leo I
People want to have virtue without having fortitude, and there is no such thing.
Rational politics consists chiefly, although, to be sure, not solely, in living a reasonable life.
the natural right to emergency hospitality
"since land everywhere offers the possibility of supporting a large number of people, the sovereignty of the State, although it must be respected, cannot be exaggerated to the point that access to this land is, for inadequate or unjustified reasons, denied to needy and decent people from other nations, provided, of course, that the public weal, considered very carefully, does not forbid this." Exsul Familia
The integrity of elections requires upholding the character of the election as a good-faith negotiation; that requires entering it with a good faith willingness to abide by it.
As sweet may become dull without ceasing to be sweet, so pleasant may pall without ceasing to be pleasant. There is at least a shadow region of mingled weariness and pleasure.
the shadow of reason in the passions
Latour's modes of being as kinds or spheres of meaning
Progress without practicality is a contradiction in terms.
Ghosts of wickedness linger long in human cultures.
To understand what it means to say that marriage is a contract requires understanding that contracts can be sacred things.
Lack of tradition is sterility of culture.
"The Vocabulary of Virtues and Vices is a constant moral Lesson; perpetually operating to bring each man's moral sentiments into agreement with the general judgment of men." Whewell
Inference to the best explanation is necessarily causal (the 'explanation' part).
positive laws as a precondition for large-scale joint moral action
transcendentals as homoiomerous
Protestantism oscillates wildly between a 'platonism' and a 'nominalism' of grace.
There is a natural abstraction in the progress of a field in which it goes from being about X and its properties to including structures of X and X-properties. Thus mathematics goes from quantity to higher-order structures that illuminate quantity, jurisprudence from law to legal systems, and so forth. The danger is that the root may be forgotten as the field just begins talking about itself; but the progression is natural and the benefits potentially good.
HoP as the study of systems of philosophy, qua systems and the networks of influence
voting as counting-like vs voting as temperature-like (i.e., treating it as an extensive vs as an intensive measure)
alternation of ratios in concept formation:
if a:b::c:d, and I have a concept R such that R(a:b) = R(c:d), then I can form a concept S such that S(a:c)=S(b:d)
a mereology of part-taking
act & potency -> same & different, and parr & whole -> structure
the material cause of law as the whole body of the people (Robert Gahl, Jr.)
Nothing on earth consoles so well as good sense.
"a Contract to speak the Truth is implied in the use of Language" Whewell
authority of infallibility vs authority of doctrinal providence (Billot)
tyranny of rule vs tyranny of usurpation
passive resistance vs passive obedience
the importance of the quieter and more sober part of society to its governance
Campaigning decisions are not made on the basis of validity of votes but on the basis of accessibility of votes.
Scripture & Apostolic Succession of churches as the two instruments for conservation of Tradition
- the two mutually conserve each otehr
suppressio veri & suggestio falsi in jokes
The 'morality of Common Sense' concerns dispositions more than particular actions. But it also often deals with dispositions indirectly, in terms of what we are comfortable or uneasy with, etc.
As it is impossible to obtain exact precision in promising, there is always a region of negotiation involved in determining what promises require.
Every argument in a sense draws upon the whole system of logical principles.
Every government in a democratic society promises the moon but only delivers what it can afford.
Matters of faith may be rationally suggested by a reason that cannot prove them.
[Box : possibilities][Box : place-times][Box : red](not black)
Reasoning about impossibilities is a sort of mirroring or inversion of reasoning about necessities.
If there is legitimacy in the notion of stakeholder, it should apply in all cases of possession of private property.
preconditional, essential, consequential, and incidental Box
Voting is a context in which not supporting is almost as significant as actively supporting.
Every artistic object has an internal logic of design (even if it is a bad logic of design).
journalistic reporting as classifications of circumstances
running gag vs surprise gag
As philosophical positions increase so do objections.
(1) sensation with guarantor
(2) sensation with causal inference
(3) inference to medium
(4) transcendental precondition
Our experience of the world does not indicate that it is infinite in space or in time, nor does it indicate any definite boundaries in space and time.
the world as medium of action, as medium of communication
the world as object(s), as medium, as active power(s)
the world as intelligible object, as sensible object, as object of physical action
3 problems with Sidgwick's handling of 'common sense morality'
(1) inadequate distinction of disposition-duty & action-duty
(2) inadequate distinction between uncertainty arising from principle & uncertainty arising from that to which it is applied
(3) inadequate distinction between specific virtues and general properties of virtue