typology as theological diagrammatics
"Christ died, indeed, as the spiritual shepherd of the sheep, but Abel did not die on account of his having literally followed the occupation of a shepherd." (Fairbairn) -- But this is false and in any case assumes (1) that it is not part of the occupation of a shepherd to bring offering of his own flocks to God and (2) that Cain did not kill Abel, in part or in whole, because of the offering.
"Every type necessarily possesses a prophetical character, and differs from what is commonly termed prophecy only in this, that it prefigures, while they foretell, coming realities." Fairbairn
likening oneself to God, living according to nature, following reason
bodily goods, goods of soul, external goods
Plato, Euthydemus 279ab; Philebus 48e; Laws 631bc, 743e
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 1.7 1098b
the Clitophon as an attack on Antisthenes (Brunnecke, Kester, Souilhe) -- this has an attraction, despite a certain implausibility
Thrasyllus links Clitophon with the Republic trilogy; Grube thought it a fragmentary preface to Part I of the Republic, a reaction to Republic I, with the rest of the Republic in answer
Human life is built out of layers of final causes.
(1) imminent physical & biological
(2) rational function in the rational community of the human race
"Every muse is indeed beautiful, but the use is not similar in all." Maximus of Tyre
boulesis (wishing for good), chara (delighting in good) and eulabeia (turning from bad) as found in some form in every virtue
"daimones are in species animate, rational in nature, passional in soul, airy of body, and everlasting in time." Apuleius, God of Socrates
"The person who never made a blunder never made a discovery." Samuel Drew
Romantic love is sexual affection doing good to the one for whom the affection is held.
Romantic love is a valuable thing; but it is less eternal, less holy, and less rich in value than the conjugal bond itself.
There is no revolution that can cure general rot.
self-policing as an essential pillar of free society -- the idea that formal police should be aiding the citizens themselves
The autarchy of eudaimonia is inherently social.
virtues that have a special role in training of virtue: prudence (obviously), filial piety, friendliness, religion
In being a sage, one sage is by nature friend to another sage.
"Our whole kind is naturally inclined toward association, and the first and most elemental form of community is that instantiated in marriage." Hierocles, in Stobaeus, Flor. 4.22.21
Studiositas imitates divine love of truth.
prudence : providence :: justice : moral order :: fortitude : divine forbearance :: temperance : Supreme Ultimate
An essential component for a meaningful life is hope; because we cannot simply force ourselves to hope, but must find reasons to hope, we cannot in any strict sense 'give our own lives meaning'.
The mere fact of changing style or structure of governance does not get rid of sociopaths.
Divine providence is prior to heaven and earth, but is not ancient; it is senior to high antiquity, but is not old.
Good businesses do not so much have stakeholders as make them.
(1) equitable (epieikes)
(2) clement (eugnomon)
(3) unoppressive (abares)
as providential context (NT as end)
as type (NT as exemplar)
as sharing principles (conformity)
as material condition
the hierarchy of equalities
-- We all in fact recognize that some equality is superficial and some substantive, some trivial and some profoundly meaningful, some morally indifferent and some morally significant.
grief at other's joy: jealousy; grief at other's grief: compassion
-- it doesn't seem that this can be equated with a right of place, because (1) getting that specific would require a lot of experimentation and trial & error; (2) ecological balance, limitation of noxiousness, etc., clearly have to play a role; (3) this will often not involve a common good relevant to our choices.
-- but clearly we can see that there is often better or worse here, and sometimes (pets, zoos) this clearly intersects with our responsibilities.
"Rulers who prefer popular opinion to truth have as much power as robbers in the desert."
play in read-through
play in rehearsal
play in performance
(1) acknowledged truth of doctrine
(2) cleansed by baptism for remission of sins and regeneration
(3) regulate life upon principles laid down by Christ
"Never is the proof of virtue mild."