Friday, February 09, 2024

Dashed Off III

 Rights are structures of permissibility relative to title and person.

sovereignty as maximal power to permit and obligate with respect to jurisdiction

six categories of rights in the Universal Declaration: security, due process, conscience, participation, nonsubordination, availability
-- conscience & security seem to be the fundamental ones; due process and participation are concerned with foundations of civil society; and nonsubordination and availability with thriving in a civil society

a right consists in:
(1) an obligation
(2) specified by title
(3) which forms a rights-holder
(4) relative to whom others are obligated
(5) within the scope of a jurisdiction

active rights (power, privilege); passive rights (claim, immunity)

"Change and production have formally distinct terms, for the term of change is the form introduced into the matter, but the proper term of production is the whole composite." Scotus

Aquinas's account of the structure of the human action should be seen as primarily 'vertical' rather than successive; deliberation takes place within intention, choice within consent, etc.

Ends and objects of desire are quite different, although what is an object may also be an end.

(1) Obligation: Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing...and teaching...
(2) Explicit extent of the authority of obligator: all of heaven and earth
(3) Jurisdiction: all nations to the very end of the age
(4) Title: mission and succession of mission
(5) Rights-Holder: Church (i.e., apostles and successors in mission)
(6) Obligates (from extent of authority and jurisdiction): everyone in all nations until the end of the world
(7) Basic structure of resulting obligation-right:
----- (a) Go
----- (b) make disciples
----- ----- (1) baptizing in the name....
----- ----- (2) teaching to obey 
(8) Derivative rights
----- -----  From (a): right to go (i.e. to do whatever is requred to enable the rest)
----- ----- From (b): right to initiate
----- ----- ----- (b1) into sacramental system by baptism: right to have sacramental system
----- ----- ----- (b2) into practical-doctrinal system by teaching: right to proclaim and practice

Scripture as one of the ways the Church is Apostolic

In general, particular forms of evolutionary naturalism underplay the sheer power of evolutionary explanation, and try to found the 'naturalistic' part on very narrow assumptions about how evolutionary explanation can work. For instance, they will sometimes assume very simple mechanisms only, or strict adaptationism, or a narrow conception of what makes something firt, or some such, in trying to right the explanations to get the particular kinds of conclusion they want.

The context is that which explains the material cause of the text as text.

The attempt to argue on someone else's commitments is very difficult and usually fails.

God as the efficient cause of Scripture by mode of inspiring; the human author as efficient cause of Scripture by modes of devising and compiling (cp. Bonaventure on Wisdom of Solomon)

Auriol's division of the Old Testament
(1) political and legislative: Pentateuch
(2) historical
(3) hymnodic (Psalter, Canticles, Lamentations)
(4) monastical or ethical (Proverbs, Wisdom, Sirach)
(5) prophetic

Thought flows in and thought flows out, and never is it wholly the same.

We never step into the same memory twice.

When the mind is looking at itself, it has difficulty seeing other things clearly.

'the exclamatory awareness of existence' (Marcel)

presence as presenting, presence as presentedness

"Thought, far from being a relation with itself, is on the contrary a self-transcendence." Marcel

body as instrument, body as object, body as sign

Promising either glides up to God or it muddles in a fog of being hardly different from non-promising. Promises matter because they touch Truth; they posit a steadfastness that is as sure as the true.

premises as
self-evident (suitable for demonstration)
proven (demonstration)
evident (demonstration and dialectic)
probable (dialectic)
commonly accepted (dialectic and rhetoric)
plausible (rhetoric and poetic)
suggestive (rhetoric and poetic)
imaginable (poetic)

Simplicity of heart will get you farther in inquiry than erudition.

Nothing is 'visible' to natural selection except relativities, relations.

expressiveness as a sign upon a sign

The Valentinian aeonic theory gets right about the Church
(1) its unity in diversity
(2) the Church here as sign and symbol of the Church on high.
But the aeonic theory is too clunky to handle the first (largely due to the Valentinian love for concretized abstractions) and creates an unacceptable split between visible and invisible, as if they were counterparts rather than really united.

We both are and have ourselves.

self-instrumentalities and reflective interactions with the world

We experience our body as possibilities and necessities of acting and undergoing.

the deontic structures of ambit (moral), jurisdiction (jural), and templum (sacral)

making claims on the world -- the Mine
-- it is important not to jump straight to possessive property; think, for instance, of just claiming a spot for a picnic or for sitting and reading; or cases where one says 'I was in the middle of doing something with that.'

Private property as we know it is one of the last remaining remnants of feudal structure.

the abstract ought of the body (Malebranche) vs the concrete ought of the body arising from personal authority

We experience, in the full sense, within the frameworks of familiarity.

"God takes up the effort of man; when man is striving for an end, God completes it for him. But when God does not complete it, then man's action remains fruitless." Vatsyayana

"Acting according to the nature of things, God, although merciful, produces the diversity of the world with the help of merit and demerit." Vacaspati

"God hasn't expressly explained all the types of Scripture, but has done so much as is sufficient to teach us the language." Jonathan Edwards

divine glory as divine being qua end-for-another

It is notable that when accusing others of being hypocritical or hateful or of some other vice, that very vice is often taking root in the accusers.

reliability of clock as centrality in a network of clocks measuring other clocks
-- this centrality seems functional -- which clocks can most easily be used to explain the relations among other clocks
-- iti s of course possible that a clock highly reliable with respect to one network of clocks may be much less reliable with respect to another

LLMs are mechanizations of groupthink

The present is smeared in both pastward and futureward directions. Arugably it is smeared slightly in a counterfactual direction, as well.

Hobbes's Leviathan ch. 42 depends crucially on the false claim that Ezra was a civil sovereign; but Artaxerxes is explicitly the civil sovereign, and Ezra is given a specific mission in which his only legal powers are to purchase for the Temple and appoint judges and magistrates for the people of Israel.

The right of judging teachings fit for peace is necessarily distributed and cannot be usurped by sovereigns.

Kings are metaphorically pastors; and this authority is de jure civili, not de jure divino.

Every bishop, having primacy as pastor of those in his diocesan authority, has the authority to do all sacred things and govern all sacred matters with respect to the diocese; this authority is not usurped but modulated and regulated by synodal and papal pastoral authorities.

Gn 48:14 -- imposition of hands in blessing in patriarchal context

The power of kings to bless, etc., is a tribal power -- i.e., a power of domestic church given a ruling household in an extended family of families.

the recognition within one legal jurisdiction of the authority of another legal jurisdiction (e.g., full faith and credit)

It is perhaps worth remembering in reading Leviathan that the Papal States were at their territorial height at the time it was published; and Hobbes's argument requires him to recognize the Pope as a Sovereign of those states. What he is trying to do is restrict papal authority to the Papal States, except where the pope is recognized by the local Sovereign as having 'schoolmaster' authority. (And note, despite Hobbes's occasional anti-Catholicism, he firmly denies the Protestant argument that the Pope is Antichrist.)

"Making Laws belongs to the Lord of the Family; who by his owne discretion chooseth his Chaplain, as also a Schoolmaster to Teach his children." Hobbes

IV Lateran canon 3: papal power to absolution from fealty
canon 62: "As for newly discovered relics, let no one presume to venerate them publicly unless they have previously been approved by the authority of the Roman pontiff."
-- note mention of papal plenitude of power in context of indulgences

Christian kings have civil authority from God, but obviously do not have it immediately. 

If the authority of the Pope is 'Didactical' and from God, the Sovereign can have no right to block or interfere with it.

The Civil Powers of the seventeenth century did not spontaneously arise out of a state of nature but were largely formed ni violation of previously existing feudal obligations.

the Platonic Forms as what one 'looks at', if one has a 'love of the sight of truth' (Rep); eidos can be translated as 'a look', the look of the thing as true

"Is not the being of a God reported to us by testimony, handed down by history, inferred by an inductive process, brought home to us by metaphysical necessity, urged on us by the suggestions of our conscience?" Newman

(1) the analogy of nature and religious system
(2) the analogy of natural providence and moral providence
(3) the analogy of natural religion and revealed religion
(4) the analogy of Old Testament and New Testament
(5) the analogy of Scripture and the Church

forms of catechumenate
(1) competentes
(2) indefinite catechumenate
(3) nominal catechumenate
the practice & promise of godparents in effect substitutes for catechumenate in infant baptism

* authorize things that could not be done otherwise without sin: baptism, ordination, matrimony
* forgive venial sins: eucharist, penance, unction
* forgive mortal sins: penancy (properly), unction (conditionally)
* compensate for unintentional transgressions: eucharist, unction

name -> (verbal) definition -> image (representation) -> knowledge -> object itself
(Plato's Seventh Letter)

Prose is an instrument, and therefore its quality cannot be assessed without knowing the end it is supposed to be serving.

activism addiction

English uses 'sometimes' to cover more modalities than temporal ones.

Hobbes's account of philosophy makes it a practical application of theories of generation.

Christian solidarity is cooperately embodying, to the extent and in the ways practically possible, a world alternative to the present darkness, based on Christian principles.
-- Christian solidarity differs from other kinds in its relation to hope, because it arises from and is an expression itself of hope rather than merely expressing itself in hope.

For 'Order and Jurisdiction', we should instead think 'Order and Mission', jurisdiction beign merely one of the more important aspects of the latter.

Liberty without fraternity is a terrible thing, and equality without fraternity is a worse thing.

"Solidarity is a firm and persevering determination to commit oneself to the common good; that is to say, to the good of all and of each individual, because we are really responsible for all." John Paul II
"...there is no true solidarity without social participation, without the contribution of intermediary bodies: families, associations, cooperatives, small businesses, and other expressions of society." Francis

totalitarianism as a rejection of mutual dependence

predicate : sign :: subject : object :: universe of discourse : interpretant

radiation is (by way of) clicks in (the universe of) counter-measurements
Christ is (by way of) saint who is (by way of) icon in (universe of) prayers
stop command is octagonal red in traffic-law system
country is flag in custom
cat is c^a^t in English-writing system

heresiology as negative-impression theology

objectward aspect of sign: referential 'hint'
interpretantward aspect of sign: particular interpretability
signward aspect of interpretant: registering capability
signward aspect of object: indicable feature

"As philosophy grew intrinsically less Christian, it swelled with Christian remnants." Maritain
" may discover, at each decisive step of modern rationalism, a process of *petrification* of truths and notions of Christian origin..."

the all-simulating animal

"The act of wedded communion has indeed the *object* of propagation, but in addition the *significance* of a unique union of love." von Hildebrand

Positive law presupposes conventions adequate for its formulation and promulgation.

proseuthentes: having gone
mathetousete: make students
panta ta ethne: all the nations/peoples
baptizonetes autos: baptizing them
dideskontes autos: teaching them

Both the baptizing and the teaching in the Great Commission are initiations rather than terminations; they specify discipling rather than having been made disciple.